Tens of thousands of Russians on Tuesday protested Russian President Vladimir Putin, despite his government’s efforts a day before to quell the demonstration by raiding the homes of prominent protest leaders. On Monday Russian authorities seized laptops, anti-Kremlin material, and more than a million in cash as protest leaders were called in for questioning on Tuesday. Moscow authorities granted permission for 50,000 people to gather near Pushkin Square and then march to a rally point in the afternoon. Last week, the Russian Parliament passed a new law that raised fines by a factor of 100 on any protests that break the rules. Since Putin took office in March for a third term as president, tens of thousands have protested—although crowds have yet to reach the level of a spontaneous demonstration in December.