A baby born infected with the AIDS virus who got immediate treatment now has no detectable virus in her blood. Her case, presented to a meeting of AIDS researchers, will prompt questions about how early babies should be treated. It also illustrates the possibility that immediate treatment with HIV drugs could do a lot to protect those who are newly infected.
Dr. Deborah Persaud of the Johns Hopkins Children’s Center, the virologist who led the study, says scientists see this as the first well-documented case of a functional cure in a neonatal child.
Persaud says a functional cure means the virus isn’t entirely gone, but it’s also not doing any damage. Doctors believe it’s because they began therapy for the baby within 48 hours of being infected.