Increasing numbers of children in Syria are being recruited by armed groups on both side of the conflict, says a Save the Children report.
The UK charity says children are being used as porters, guards, informers and fighters, and even as human shields in some cases. Save the Children estimates that some two million children are in need of assistance in Syria.
Researchers in Turkey have found that three in every four Syrian children they interviewed had lost a loved one because of fighting. Many have lost access to healthcare and are living in unsanitary conditions. Education has been interrupted with approximately 2,000 schools either becoming damaged or being turned into temporary shelters for the displaced.